Posted on: 9th Jul 2021 1380 Views

How to Do Paraphrasing, Summarizing, and Quoting 

In this following blog example, we shall teach the Irish research and academic paper writing students to do quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing text, academic papers, and articles.

These three components are used for the purpose of supporting the claims and providing credibility to the writing. It helps with the work that you are currently doing. It highlights the particular phrase, sentence, or passage with the quoting and increases the in-depth study of the research work.

Paraphrasing, Summarizing, Quoting

This brings the attention of the readers to the points that have been marked by you and present different views on a subject. Any writer using a blend of these three in the phrases and sentences can make the articles resourceful.

Meaning of Paraphrasing, Summarizing, and Quoting

When creating a research paper, you’ll need to gather data from a variety of outside sources. This gives you examples to back up and expand on your beliefs. You may need to quote, paraphrase, or summarise information from your sources at times. Using all three of these techniques can help you write with more variety. What is the distinction between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarising, though? Here are some things to keep in mind regarding each of them:

Quoting which is also known as the quotations is used for a narrow segment of the source which must be identical to the original text. It has the same words as used in the source document which we used by the original author.

Paraphrasing is writing a passage in your own words from the source material. It is a broader segment of the source which is shorter than the summary and is in a condensed or concise state.

Summarizing is jotting down the main points and ideas in your own words where the ideas are attributed to the source. It is short in comparison to the original and an overview of the source material.

Although there are some differences between quoting, paraphrasing and summarising, they all have one thing in common: they all need you to cite your sources. Plagiarism occurs when you forget to cite your sources while quoting, paraphrasing, or summarising. Don’t commit this heinous crime. Always give credit to the author if you share his or her thoughts, ideas, or words.

Example of Paraphrasing, Summarizing, and Quoting

All sources must be properly cited. A writer cannot use the exact wording or phrases from another source without quoting them correctly and referencing them in a list of references at the end of your paper. When you paraphrase, summarize, quote, or reference material from someone else’s work make sure to include their name with an author-date citation for each item (page).

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While reading the original text you need to make note of the relevant points and ideas that needs to be marked and summarized in your own words. Important supporting points in the text be paraphrased by you. The addition of the quotation is a matter of an independent choice which can be short or long.

When quoting the text, you must follow the proper criteria and directions provided by your college teachers for citing sources, formatting the style, and punctuating the sources.

Why use Quotation, Paraphrasing, and summary?

  • Add credibility to your writing by providing evidence to back up your arguments.
  • Refer to previous work that led up to the work you’re currently undertaking.
  • Give instances of several points of view on a certain topic.
  • Draw attention to a point of view with which you want to agree or disagree.
  • By quoting the original, you might emphasize a particularly remarkable phrase, sentence, or chapter.

How to use Quotation, Paraphrasing, and summary?

  • Read the full work and make a list of the important points and thoughts.
  • Write a summary of the essay’s key point in your own words
  • Important supporting points appear throughout the article.
  • Consider any phrases, words, or short sections that you believe should be explicitly quoted.

How to Quote in an Essay

The quotations used are either short or long. We shall discuss the addition of both types of quotes in the essay.

For indicating a short quotation in an essay it must be double marked with the author’s name and page number in the text citation. A complete reference must be given and marks must be punctuated after the citation also the question marks and exclamation must form the part of the quoted passage.

While using a long quotation more than four lines be used which must start from a new line with half-inch gap from the left margin and double spacing in the text in the entire quote.

When citing more than two or three paragraphs then the block quotation format must be used. If there is an addition of words in a quotation then brackets must be used around the words to indicate their separation from the original text. The ellipses can be used for denoting the deleted words from the text.

Definition of Direct Quotation

In a literary work, a direct quotation is a report of an author’s or speaker’s actual words that are enclosed inside quotation marks.

When to use a Direct quote

Because the essay or article is supposed to be your original work, utilize direct quotes sparingly when writing. When the reader requires specific words for analysis and evidence, or when the exact quote conveys the topic at hand more concisely or better than you could use them for emphasis.

How to Paraphrase in an Essay

Paraphrasing is used as an alternative to quoting where the words of some other person are copied as it is and put under the quotation marks. When a source is paraphrased you need to write the passage in your own words without changing the meaning of the text. The sources must be cited without any plagiarism.

How to paraphrase in five steps.

  • To completely get the significance of the chapter, read it several times.
  • Make a list of important concepts.
  • Without glancing at the original, write your version of the text.
  • Examine your paraphrased text against the original piece and make modest changes to any phrases that are too similar.
  • Cite the source of your inspiration.

I would personally recommend the research and doctorate students who have to prepare any essays, thesis, or dissertations that need any paraphrasing of the text to use as many synonyms as possible while writing. You can even change the very structure of the sentences. You can start the phrases or sentences from a different point or source and can break them into sections or pieces to be able to achieve the target of paraphrasing.

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How to Summarize an Essay

When you are writing any paper on research or dissertation you need to summarize the whole text or article to make it relevant for the research work. It shall help the professors to understand how much you have understood the source. It helps to keep an overview of the research work of others in a literature review.

These are the steps that need to be followed while summarizing an essay:-

  • You must read the complete text, and scan and skim the article. While reading you must pay attention to the abstracts, headings, and subheadings. You must read the content given under the introduction and the conclusion headings.
  • After reading the text you can break it into sections or sub-points to be able to manage it properly and to avoid any confusion.
  • You can make note of all the key points in each section of the text that has been divided by you.
  • Write down the summary of the texts by citing the sources.
  • Checking the summary against the original text, essay, or article.

Conclusion

The quoting helps in sharing the specific words and phrases of the author which depends upon your understanding and interpretation of the text.

Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing help in avoiding any plagiarism in the content. It ensures the paper presentation is much more reliable, credible, and interesting which shall make your research work stand out from the rest of the students in the classroom.

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The above-written blog sample is posted specifically for research students who are often allowed with the task of research and writing work.

Such research students must be aware of using paraphrasing, quoting, and summarizing in the articles and essays to make their writing skills effective. It enhances their research paperwork.

If you are given to write academic papers, dissertations, essays, research papers, literature reviews, book reviews, critical analyses, and thesis statements then you can hire any professional writer for the same.

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