Posted on: 9th Jul 2021 2785 Views

How to Write Critical Reviews

A critical review is almost like a summary, critical analysis, or an evaluation of a text or article, or book in a written form. A good and effective critical review can be written after a proper analysis and an evaluation of materials used for writing such a review.

The critical review is not negatively criticizing the book or article but rather questions the written text to present their judgment and evaluation reasonably. This includes summarizing and evaluating the text.

Writing Critical Reviews

Critical reviews of a research paper are just like any other assignment that requires careful planning and drafting. This guide will focus on what should be done at each stage of the process.

  • Plan your Approach

When writing a review, it is important to know what the criteria for your evaluation are and how much time should be dedicated to summary versus evaluative analysis. It can also help if you decide whether or not your summary and reviews will be combined into one section of text.

  •  Make Notes

The Author’s Goal

The method adopted

Based on the evidence presented

Summary of significant findings or responses

Significance and ramifications of the findings.

Evaluate the text 

Examine the text against your criteria using your notes.
• Assess the text’s quality or worth (for example, other academics or practitioners in the field students, or the field).

• Think about the text’s strengths in the short term. Both in the short and long term.

• Think about the text’s strengths, about similar literature

If your college professor gives you to write a book review or critical review of any article then you must follow the proper structure of the critical review and effective guidance of the assessor.

It includes an introduction paragraph, summary, evaluation, references if any, and a conclusion of the critical review with suggestions.

Steps to Write the Critical Reviews 

Various steps are involved while making a critical review that needs to be followed for writing quality content on the review of a book. These are the following steps to writing a critical review and they are:-

1. Understanding Assignment Work Before Writing Critical Review  

Before writing a critical review the student needs to get engaged in the mental processes through which he needs to analyze major parts of the review and must know the exact division of the same. This may include an introduction, paragraphs, sections, references, conclusion, etc.

You need to analyze the book of the author and what exactly he wants to convey through his book. After an analysis of the book, you need to follow the guided instructions of the assessor and work based on such instructions to prepare a critical review of the book.

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2. Write Down the Introduction Paragraph 

An introduction paragraph must be produced at the beginning of any assignment work on a critical review of a particular book. This should include the author’s name, the title of the book, the book’s issues, and the author’s motivation for writing the book. You can write down a thesis about the author’s thesis. The target audience must be addressed with an evaluation of the work done. It must include an overview of the article or book.

  • Overview of the Book – This part includes the presentation of the author’s thoughts from your point of view. It must include the general information that helps the readers to understand the body of the review. It must describe the division of the book into the different chapters, sections, subsections, etc. You must present your general view on the topic, source, or criteria of an evaluation and address the issues raised regarding the theme of the work, background information, etc.

3. Writing the Body of Critical Review 

While writing the critical review of the selected book the body of the review is the centre of it which is used for presenting arguments on the points.

  • Organizing of the Review – It is a must and it must follow a logical plan. Under this, the summary of the book must be presented in the form of paragraphs which illustrate the major points that need to be evaluated and discussed. Such discussion of such points must be written in the paragraphs.

The main points of discussion can also be chosen from the book which needs your attention for a critical evaluation. After the first point’s evaluation, the other points following it must be evaluated in a logical sequence. Each paragraph must have a sentence beginning to help the reader to identify with the point that is summarized and evaluated.

  • Addressing all the Relevant Questions –  It is a must that forms the part of the body of the critical review. You must state all possible questions that can come into the minds of the readers by providing support to each point with an argument. Some external sources of information can also be used for addressing these questions and these sources could be case studies, historical material, other books and articles, narratives of writers, statistics, etc.

You must present the facts and personal perspective of the writer. If the writer explicitly states his prejudices or the illogical arguments by the author that also needs to be discussed. While any discussion of points mentioned by the writer it must be distinguished from the person writing a critical review.

  • Citing of the Sources – The summary was written must be brief and concise and if any reference has been taken from the external source of information it must be cited where plagiarism issue also needs to be taken care of while taking any such information from an external source. Only relevant information materials must be used for the review and quotations must be used.

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4. Writing Conclusion of the Critical Review 

The conclusion is the last part of the paragraph of a critical review or an assignment work that states the overall critical evaluation. You should include an overall complete evaluation of the work which is presented to contribute to the existing body of knowledge.

It majorly includes the author’s overall purpose of the book or an article and you must justify the stated purpose of the book to the author. You must add information that is relevant for the review and that has been excluded by the author and explain the use of your work in a course.

Finally concluded with relevant recommendations and suggestions for the book and if any future research can be done in this area of topic and mentioning how the book has transformed you as a person.

Critical Review Writing For Different Types of Paper

Critical Review of Research Methodology:-

This section should explain how the research was conducted and why that approach was chosen clearly and simply. In other words, each part of the process — sampling, analysis, and questioning – must be described and justified so that someone else could conduct the same research. Why was one method was chosen over another? Instead of another? Why were only seven people interviewed, rather than more or fewer? Evidence should be used to back up the approach choice.

Critical Analysis of Publication in Experimental Biomedical Science-

For a variety of reasons, scientists produce study reports. A research report is, in theory, a free communication by a scientist or a group of scientists alerting their colleagues about a set of fresh results that either provide answers to confusing problems or create academic or practical challenges.

How to critique a journal article?

This handout will provide you with some pointers to keep in mind as you go. But wait, is this an empirical/research article or a review of literature? Some of the guidelines presented here will apply to critiques of all types of articles, although each form of an article may raise questions unique to that sort of article.

First and foremost, your review for any type of journal paper should include the following information:
1. Author(s)’ name(s)

2. The article title

3. The journal’s title, volume number, date, month, and page numbers are all required.

4. State the problem or subject that will be discussed.

5. The author’s goal, methodology, hypothesis, and significant conclusions.

Writing a Literature review

Focus on the goal of your literature review when reading critically:

  • Before you start reading, consider what you want to get out of the article or chapter.
  • Take a quick look over the abstract, headings, conclusion, and the first sentence of each paragraph.
  • Concentrate on the arguments rather than the facts.
  • As you read, take notes and begin to organize your evaluation around themes and concepts.
  • To determine how the various sources link to one another, consider utilizing a table, matrix, or concept map.
  • For each study, make a list of four to six bullet points that summarise the important findings and conclusions.
  • Maintain as much objectivity as possible.

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The above-written blog has been posted to teach the students the method of how to write critical reviews of a book or an article and the way to present this.

Irish research students are usually instructed to make such academic research papers or present critical reviews of any book of an author or piece of work that requires extensive research work skills and mental work.

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