How to Write Research Methodology
In the previous article we have studied different types of research methods. Now in the article on research methodology we will learn about how to write research methodology?
Writing the methodology in a dissertation, thesis or research paper is very much essential for demonstrating the way specific research methods will contribute to accomplishing desired objectives. Students pursuing Masters from university in Ireland find writing methodology section to be a very difficult task. In this article, our expert team of Ireland assignment help is providing the step by step process of writing methodology section.
Research methodology definition
Research methods can be referred to as a process that includes identification, selection, analysis of information about specific topics. In the dissertation or the thesis, you need to write the methodology section after the literature review. The methodology section in the dissertation or research paper mainly includes the discussion of the method which you have used for performing an investigation. It is a section in thesis, dissertation or research paper that provides the reader with ease in analyzing the validity and reliability of research. Methodology section of research paper involves:
- Type of investigation
- A technique used for a collection of facts
- Method utilized for analyzing of information
You also need to provide detail of tools which you have used for conducting the survey. It is very crucial for you to provide the proper reason for making the choice of a specific methodology.
Note: You should write the methodology section in the past tense.
How to write research Methodology?
The four-step procedure of writing research methodology section is:
Step 1: Explanation of research methodology
You should start writing research methodology by introducing an approach that you will utilize for performing an investigation. Here, you need to define research questions or specific issue which you will mainly concentrate on during study. You also need to specify the type of information you intend to collect about a specific topic.
The different types of research methods are :
- Qualitative methods
You can consider such type of technique if you intend to measure, categorize some things. Researchers can use qualitative methods such as surveys for identification of patterns.
, For example, : In ethnography research, you might have an aim to gain knowledge about the real world. You may have the intention to develop an understanding of how different external factors affect the behavior of human beings.
- Quantitative methods
This is a good technique when you want to provide a description and interpretation of concepts. The qualitative research methods will allow you to develop in detail understanding of problems or subjects.
Example: In the context of experimental research, you can have the aim of producing generalize knowledge about the reason for the occurrence of specific phenomena. Experimental research requires careful selection of participants and controlled variables that can be replicated by other researchers.
- Mixed methods
It is a research method that investigators cause for exploring the phenomenon and doing numerical measurements.
Note: While making the selection of specific research methodology you should keep in mind the aim and field of investigation.
Step 2: Description of the technique used for the collection of facts
After writing the research approach, you need to now provide detail information about the technique which you will use for the collection of facts related to the topic. It is a step where you should also specify the process or tool that will be used for the selection of participants. You can categorize methodology for data collection in two categories these are qualitative and quantitative methods.
1. Quantitative methodology
Some research methods which can utilize for collection of data are:
You should define the procedure you will perform for executing a survey. Here, you should provide detail about the technique which you will use for designing research questions. It is very much essential for you clearly state the tools such as telephone, e-mail that you will use for collecting information by applying the survey techniques. You should also define sample size and rate of response.
Here, you need to provide detail information about the techniques and processes you will use for performing an investigation. It is very much essential for you to define the procedure of designing experiments. You should also define the technique you will use for recruiting participants. If you are performing experimental research, then it is very much essential for you to provide detail information so that other investigators can easily reproduce the outcome.
- Existing data
At this step you need to provide a description of the sources from where you will gather facts about the topic. You should also specify how original data will be produced, criteria that you will use for the selection of material, etc.
2. Qualitative Methodology
- Interview or focus group
In this step, you should provide a clear explanation of the interview process which you will use for collecting information about the topic directly from participants. It is important for you to describe how you have selected participants, the number of participants you will involve in the study, type of interview that you will conduct for conducting an investigation.
- Participant observation
Here, you need to provide a description of how, where and when observation activity researcher will perform. It is a step where you should define the community that you will observe. You should also provide an explanation of the procedure you will use for recording data.
- Existing data
You need to provide explanations about the way you have made the selection of case study materials. While providing the explanation for the selection of case study material you need to emphasize analysis. You should clearly define the type of material you will analyze and process you will use for the accumulation of facts.
Example of Qualitative method: The researcher will perform an investigation for gathering information about the need for increasing the product range. An investigator will use a semi-structured interview. He will ask a few questions related to the topic from customers of the retail multination companies. An interview will be arranged within an organization. The researcher will get the consent form sign before starting to collect facts.
Step 3: Technique used for data analysis
It is a step where you need to define the procedure which you will utilize for collecting, analyzing and processing information. At this step, you should not provide detail information. This is a step where you need not concentrate on the discussion of the outcome. Here, you only need to highlight the research method which you will use for refining of facts for extracting meaningful information. The different types of methods which you can utilize for analyzing data are:
- Quantitative methods
It includes an analysis of numbers. While writing the research methodology section you need to clearly define the procedure of preparing data. You can use special kinds of software such as SPSS for analyzing the information. Some of the mathematical and statistical tests which you can use for performing analysis are simple linear regression, two-tailed tests, etc.
Example of Quantitative research methods: The investigation conducted for analyzing the average number of death in the country due to cancer. Both primary and secondary data will be used for collecting information about people suffering from cancer. ANOVAs test will be used for analyzing the numerical data.
- Qualitative methods
Such type of data analysis includes analysis of images, language. It also includes observation. Other types of research methods which you can use for data analysis are:
- Content analysis: It involves categorization and discussion on the meaning of words, sentences and phrases.
- Thematic analysis: This analytical research technique involves coding and thorough examination of facts that is done for identification of pattern.
- Discourse analysis: It involves analyzing the interaction and meaning of words in a social context.
Example of a qualitative method: Transcription of the interview has been done and the thematic analysis technique is used. It is the technique that including coding of information. After developing the themes you need to thoroughly analyze the information as this will help you in developing the understanding of the perception of participants about a specific issue.
Step 4: Evaluation and justification of the methodological approach
You for providing the justification for the methodology need to first perform the evaluation. It is very much important for you to prove that other techniques are not appropriate for achieving the aim of the investigation. You should also define the way a specific research method will help you in increasing knowledge or developing an understanding of specific research methods. Here, you can state the strengths and limitations of different approaches chosen for performing an investigation.
For example Different experiments that have been performed in the lab can not apply them in real-life cases. But those experiments could be helpful in testing the relationship between two different variables.
An outcome of the unstructured interviews cannot be generalizing. But by using the unstructured interview you can obtain in detail understanding of Participant response.
Techniques for writing a good Research methodology
At the time of writing the methodological section you need to remember that your objective is to explain why and how the method which you have select is helpful in conducting research in a systematic manner.
- Concentrate on research objectives and questions
At the time of writing the methodology section for a dissertation or research paper you need to state how specific techniques will help you in achieving objectives. You need to positively influence the reader that the approach which you have selected is appropriate for answering research questions.
- Citation of relevant sources
You can strengthen the methodology section by providing the citation of sources. The research methodology section can be made strong by confirming that you are following good practices for a specific type of investigation. You should also define the procedure used for the evaluation of different research methodologies. It is very crucial for you to provide an explanation of how you chose a specific technique for conducting research?
- Writing for the audience
At the time of making a selection of research methodology you should consider the nature of the audience. If in case you are utilizing standard procedure or method for conducting research then you need not provide much detail information about the same. In case you are using a unique procedure or technique then you should provide an explanation and justification for the same. You can include arguments related to approaches as this will help you in making the methodology section interesting.
- Discussion on obstacles
In the methodology part of the research paper, thesis or dissertation you can write about the issues which you encounter during the collection and analysis of information. You should also define the procedure which you use for eliminating obstacles. Critical evaluation can be done for demonstrating that the choice of research methods has been done in a careful manner.
It has been concluded from the above article that writing research methodology in a proper manner is very much important as this section demonstrates the validity of data. Another thing that has been found in the selection of an appropriate methodology is crucial for generating desired outcomes.