Posted on: 24th Mar 2020 646 Views

How to Write a Research Proposal

Writing research proposals has become quite challenging tasks because of continuous change in the trends of qualitative research. Students studying the Ph.D. faces difficulty in determining the format of the research proposal. Do they also have questions about what to include in the research proposal? In this article, an expert team of Ireland assignment help is giving a complete explanation of How to write a proposal for research?

How to Write a Research Proposal

A research proposal is a document in which you need to clearly define the type of investigation you will perform, the importance of the investigation, etc. In different fields, you need to follow a unique format for writing a research proposal. You need to write the research proposal before starting an investigation.

The basic proposal for research includes theses elements such as:

  1. Cover page
  2. Introduction section
  3. Review of literature
  4. Research methodology
  5. Reference list

What is the objective of the research proposal?

The main objective of writing a research proposal is to obtain funding for research projects.  In relation to the academic field, the main purpose of the research proposal is to get approval for a thesis, research paper or dissertation.  Writing a research proposal is important for demonstrating the value and significance of your investigation.

Other objectives of the research  proposal include:

  • Positively influencing readers to accept the fact that the research paper is interesting, crucial and original.
  • Another aim of the research proposal is to demonstrate that you have knowledge about a specific field. You have an in-depth understanding of the research topic.
  • By writing the research proposal the researcher intends to showcase that they have carefully designed the procedures for performing an investigation.

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How long is a research proposal?

The length of the research proposal section completely depends on the field for which you are writing a research paper. You need to write a research proposal only in a few pages if you are writing a research paper or dissertation for an undergraduate or Masters Program.  Research proposals for funding and Ph.D. are basically very much longer and contain a huge amount of information.

How to write a research proposal?

The 8 steps of writing a good research proposal are:

Step 1: write an introduction

when you start writing a research proposal you need to clearly define what you intend to perform and the reason for executing the investigation. Your introduction section of the research proposal should include the following:

  • Overview of the topic
  • Background information
  • Aims and objectives
  • Problem statement
  • Research questions.
  • Significance of research

While writing introduction section for research proposal you should consider interest or expectation of audience, importance of investigation, objectives etc.

Step 2:  Writing Literature Review in research proposal

It is much essential for you to while writing a proposal for research to demonstrate that you have knowledge about the research topic, therefore you should write a strong literature review.  An important characteristic of the strong literature review is that it helps you in convincing readers that the research project has a solid base that is available in the form of an existing hypothesis.

The aim of the literature review section in the research proposal is how the investigation you are performing will contribute to a specific field.  In the literature review section, you need to do following such as:

A.) Comparing and contrasting:

Here, you need to clearly define the key theories and arguments related to the topic.

B.) Critical analysis:

This means that you need to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches that you intend to use for performing an investigation.

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Step 3: Defining  methodology in research proposal

At this step, you need to explain the research method in the research proposal you have select for performing an investigation.  You should redefine your objectives.  It is important for you to describe the procedure you will implement for answering research questions.

The methodology section in the research proposal consists of the following elements these are:

A.) Research type

You need to define the type of investigation you are going to perform in the research proposal. students should also provide a description of research design such as experimental, descriptive, exploratory, explanatory, etc.  You are going to use it for your investigation.

B.) Sources

You need to provide information about the sources from where you will gather information while writing a research proposal. It is very much important for you to clearly write whether you are using the primary or secondary sources for accumulating facts related to the topic.

C.) Research methods

In this, you should specify among different tools or techniques such as interviews, surveys, etc which you will utilize for the collection of data.  Students should clearly define the process that they will use for selecting a sample from a large population.  You also need to specify the time in which you will invest in gathering data about the phenomenon.

In the methodology section of the research proposal, you can also mention obstacles that might occur in the execution of investigation. You should include arguments to demonstrate the way the methods which will be utilized for research are reliable, appropriate for answering research questions.

Read This :- If you want more information about research methods you can read our article.

Step 4: Writing research implications

You should include a strong note at the end of the research proposal. At this step, you need to lay focus on redefining the aim of your investigation.  You should put emphasizes on defining the importance of your investigation on a particular topic.

Step 5: Reference list and bibliography

It is very much important for you to do proper citations and provide proper references after completion of the research proposal. You should also provide complete publication details.

Step 6: Prepare a research schedule

There are a few circumstances when you need to specify the schedule while writing a research proposal.  Here, you clearly define every step and time that you will spend on each task. It is a step where you should check all the things or resources that you will need for performing an investigation.

Research Schedule Example:-

Writing background information meet with the supervisor

Establishment of aim and objectives

Designing of research questions

1 ST April
 Literature review

Execution of preliminary research for identifying sources

Writing a literature review



4th of April
Research methodology

Selection of techniques for performing research

Providing justification for the selection of techniques

Evaluation of Methodology

Finalization of research methods

15th April
Preparation of data collection20th April
Analysis of data22 April
Writing24 April
Revision29 April

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Step 7: Budgeting

This is a step that you need to perform if you are writing a research proposal for obtaining funding.   Then at this step, you need to provide a detailed budget of which represents the amount which each project of your project requires.

The different elements which you need to include in your budget are:

Costs: In this, you need to clearly state the amount of money you will need for performing research.

Justification:  you should provide the proper reason why such investment of money is crucial for completing the investigation project.

 Sources: Here, you need to define the procedure of calculation of costs.

Note: “while preparing the budget for obtaining funds for research project you need to consider the different types of costs such as travelling, material etc.”

Step 8: Revisions and proofreading

After completion of writing a research proposal or other academic paper, it is very much essential for you to proofread. It is the activity that will help you in the identification of both small and big errors that could have a negative influence on the quality of your work. You can for avoiding language errors can avail proofreading services.


It has been concluded from the above article that the research proposal is a blueprint of the way the researcher will execute the investigation. Another thing that has been concluded from above is that while writing a research proposal it is crucial to focus on the implications of research findings.

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