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Antipsychotic Medication Essay Sample 

The following essay sample work shall focus upon the usage of the antipsychotic drugs, types of antipsychotic drugs, and side effects of these medications.

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Antipsychotics are psychiatric medications that are used for patients suffering from severe psychosis or experiencing any symptoms of psychotic disorder.

It may include the mental health issues of schizophrenia, severe depression, anxiety, personality disorder, bipolar disorder, and Alzheimer’s disease.

These licensed antipsychotics drugs can be used for treating other health issues of persistent hiccups, nausea, severe agitation, speech issues, mania, distressful condition, etc.

It can even reduce the symptoms of delusions and hallucinations with the help of neuroleptics and tranquilizers which can treat schizophrenia patients.

While antipsychotics can help in preventing any symptoms of mood disorder and psychosis to occur. On the other hand, it has severe side effects on a person’s health and behavior.

When the antipsychotic medications are combined with the other form of therapies it will help in managing the symptoms and improving the quality of life.

Peer support, job counseling, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy by therapists, family counseling are cognitive therapies that are very effective in treating such people.

These antipsychotic drugs cannot be used along with antianxiety drugs, antidepressants, lithium, smoking, alcohol, anticoagulants, seizure drugs, levodopa, etc.

A person who is suffering from psychosis and is on regular medication must take care of his physical health as these drugs increase the risk of diabetes and other health issues. He needs to be regular in exercises, must get enough sleep, and eat nutritious food to stay well.

These drugs can be given in an oral or parenteral form which can reduce long-term psychotic behavior.

Types of Antipsychotic Medication 

There are two types of antipsychotic medications (typical and atypical antipsychotics) that are commonly used for the treatment of patients.

Some of the typical antipsychotics drugs that are commonly used are:-

  • Haldol
  • Navane
  • Prolixin
  • Serentil
  • Loxitane
  • Trilafon
  • Thorazine
  • Moban

Some of the typical antipsychotics drugs that are commonly used are:-

  • Clozaril
  • Risperdal
  • Zyprexa
  • Clozapine
  • Sertindole
  • Olanzapine
  • Geodon
  • Zotepine
  • Abilify
  • Seroquel

These medications work the best with the help of the psychotherapy process which is provided by the therapists in coping up with the symptoms of mood disorder and in improving life.

Typical Antipsychotics / First Generation of Antipsychotic Drugs

The first generation of traditional antipsychotics drugs was first developed in the 1950s. Haldol (haloperidol) and Thorazine are the best known typical antipsychotics that are very effective in treating severe psychosis and disruptive behavior.

These antipsychotics medications have serious side effects that can be really severe in some cases. In response to this atypical antipsychotics were developed by the drug manufacturers.

The side effects of these drugs may include feelings of dizziness, blurred vision, constipation, stuffy nose, memory loss, weight gain, stiffness in muscles, breast discharge, severe agitation etc.

The main difference between the two generations of antipsychotics drugs is that the first generation drugs block dopamine and the second generation not only blocks dopamine but also affects serotonin levels.

The second generation of drugs have mild movement side effects in comparison to the first generation typical antipsychotics.

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Atypical Antipsychotics / Second Generation of Antipsychotic Drugs

These antipsychotic drugs were used in the 1990s which was used for the treatment of Schizophrenia disease, anxiety, mood disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress.

Clozapine was the first atypical antipsychotic drug which was discovered in 1959 and this drug was less likely to produce extrapyramidal effects (such as paranoia, anxiety, dystonia, tremors, etc.)

It has contributed greatly for the patients with psychosis and studying of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and other types of disorder.

Adverse side effects of the Antipsychotic Drugs

These antipsychotic drugs can have extreme reactions on the mood of a person and can have adverse health effects and can negatively influence their behavior.

It can effect the health cycle and nervous, cardiovascular, urinary, reproductive and respiratory and digestive system and cause long term health issues.

Some of the adverse effects of the antipsychotic drugs are:-

Effect on Central Nervous System 

The people who are on regular medication of antipsychotics can have increase suicidal tendencies, mania, severe depression, violent behaviour, agitation, dementia and loss of memory.

It can cause vertigo, insomnia (sleep disturbance), nightmares sedation which is common among such patients.

Effect on Cardiovascular System 

Out of 100000 people, every 9 people using clozapine are suffering from cardiovascular disease.

It causes pain in the chest, angina, phlebitis, palpitations, edema, myocarditis, arrhythmia, tachycardia and fluctuations in the reading of Electrocardiogram (ECG) etc.

Effect on Gastrointestinal System 

Antipsychotics usage can cause dry mouth, weight gain, heartburn, gastric distress, abdominal cramps, nausea, and an increase in release of pancreatic enzymes.

Effects on Urinary or Reproductive System

Such drug usage can cause vaginal discharge, vaginal itching, delayed ejaculation, swelling of the testicles, anorgasmia, increase in libido, polyuria and impotency.

Extrapyramidal Effects

It can show Parkinson’s symptoms, muscle rigidity, unwanted movements, dystonias, ataxia, Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, seizures.

It can have other side effects of nasal congestion, numbness, respiratory issues, glaucoma, hot flashes, leukopenia, etc.

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The above essay sample explains the use and side effects of antipsychotics medication.

Component Specification Biology QQI Level 5, Anatomy and Physiology FETAC Level 5, Certificate in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy QQI Level 9, Mental Health Course QQI Level 6, Healthcare QQI Level 5, Careskills QQI, Psychology of People QQI Level 5, Child Health and Wellbeing QQI Level 5, Biology Training Course QQI Level 5 students can read this sample to increase their knowledge on medication.

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