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Motivational Theories for Early Childhood Supervision

Motivation is an important link to learning and achievements both for the teacher and for the students. Building staff motivation who are early childhood educators has a huge impact on children’s growing years and development.

The morale of the staff teachers is very vital for child’s growth. They must get happy working environment. So that their need to comfort, safety and security should be ensured.

The factors responsible for supervisors motivation are :-

  • Policies and Procedures
  • Appraisals and Supervisions
  • Working condition
  • Salary and benefits

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Ways of motivation of supervisor 

  • Supervisor or a teacher should be involved in decision making process of a child and should also give opinions and views.
  • Their strengths and weaknesses must be identified and proper training and guidance should be provided so that there is improvement in performance.
  • Offering them praise and recognition shall boost their self esteem and confidence.
  • Individual needs of the teachers should be taken care of so that they remain motivated.
  • Constructive positive feedback on performance should be given while observing during supervision so that it helps in their career growth.
  • Identifying them with their mistakes so that they learn from them and work in close proximity by improving performance.
  • Improving their relationship with other teachers and co workers and encouraging each other.
  • Job promotion is really important  as it would help the teacher to closely assess her own performance. It shall boost confidence and self worth.
  • A motivated supervisor or a teacher has an important role to be played in child’s initial years by contributing to their intellect and work habits. As they are the child’s first guide after parents.

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Role of Supervisor in Childcare 

  1. A supervisor needs to act as a communicator and a facilitator for the children. The ideas should be properly communicated so that the child and his views on the same is analyzed to know his mental development. They should be allowed to learn independently.
  2. The supervisor must treat all his students equally without allowing them to grow insecured and jealous.
  3. Positive feedback to a child’s performance to be given and his success needs to be rewarded and recognized.
  4. The classroom physical activity should be paired with their studies. For instance, the students are being taught about plants in their school. So, simultaneously they could be motivated to plant saplings and plants in the school and in thir homes backyard.
  5. Supervisor must show a positive attitude towards their performance that improves child’s confidence and personality.

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Theories of Motivation in Education 

  1. Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation theory .- the challenges, skills, control, discipline and curiosity triggers the intrinsic motivation. It enhances will power and positive attitude in a person. Intrinsic can direct students to participate in academic activities without any rewards and expectations. It leads to great level of self motivation. While extrinsic motivates the students to engage in activities while anticipating rewards, grades, appreciation. It can be due to fear of punishment and control. Though it could be an initial boost to engage students abd sustain motivation throughout the process of learning.
  2. Self determination theory. – extrinsic motivation controls external behaviour. While intrinsic motivation is related to satisfaction of psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness. It is divided into four further theories- (1) cognitive evaluation theory that explains effects of external construction on internal motivation. It includes attention to autonomous and competence. (2) Organismic Integration Theory and Causality Orientations theory . (3) Basic Psychological needs theory. (4) Goal contents theory shows fundamental needs and satisfaction and well being which is based on intrisic and extrinsic goals. It leads to greater achievement and better academic performance within the setting of educational environment.
  3. ARCS Model. – Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction. This model approach focuses on the motivational aspects of the leaning environment which adds four components : (1) Arousing interest. (2) Creating relevance .(3) Developing an expectancy of success. (4) Increasing satisfaction through intrisic and extrinsic rewards.
  4. Social Cognitive Theory. – Education, Communication to psychology refers to acqusition of knowledge by direct observation, interaction, experience and outside media influence. It illustrates that how people gain and maintain several behavioural patterns and provides interactive learning to students.


I hereby conclude from this above written essay that after parents, child’s first mentor is his teacher. The first few years of a child are very crucial and needs to be handled with care and affection. When the teacher is in his best form and motivated the students also turn out to be competitive and result oriented. The initial years of his life are in mostly  mentor’s hand and they are responsible for child’s overall development.

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