Motivational Theories for Early Childhood Supervision
Motivation is an important link to learning and achievements both for the teacher and for the students. Building staff motivation who are early childhood educators greatly impacts children’s growing years and development.
The morale of the staff teachers is very vital for a child’s growth. They must get a happy working environment to ensure their need to comfort, safety, and security.
The factors responsible for supervisors motivation are:-
- Policies and Procedures
- Appraisals and Supervisions
- Working condition
- Salary and benefits
Ways of the motivation of supervisor
- A supervisor or teacher should be involved in a child’s decision-making process and give opinions and views.
- Their strengths and weaknesses must be identified, and proper training and guidance should be provided so that there is a performance improvement.
- Offering them praise and recognition shall boost their self-esteem and confidence.
- The individual needs of the teachers should be taken care of so that they remain motivated.
- Constructive, positive feedback on performance should be given while observing during supervision to help their career growth.
- Identifying them with their mistakes so that they learn from them and work nearby by improving performance.
- Improving their relationship with other teachers and co-workers and encouraging each other.
- Job promotion is essential as it would help the teacher to assess her own performance closely. It shall boost confidence and self-worth.
- A motivated supervisor or teacher has an important role in the child’s initial years by contributing to their intellect and work habits. They are the child’s first guide after parents.
Role of Supervisor in Childcare
- A supervisor needs to act as a communicator and a facilitator for the children. The ideas should be properly communicated so that the child and his views are analyzed to know his mental development. They should be allowed to learn independently.
- The supervisor must treat all his students equally without allowing them to grow insecure and jealous.
- Positive feedback to a child’s performance to be given, and his success needs to be rewarded and recognized.
- The classroom physical activity should be paired with their studies. For instance, the students are being taught about plants in their schools. So, simultaneously they could be motivated to plant saplings and plants in the school and the backyard of their home.
- Supervisors must show a positive attitude towards their performance that improves a child’s confidence and personality.
Theories of Motivation in Education
- Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation theory .- the challenges, skills, control, discipline, and curiosity triggers intrinsic motivation. It will power and a positive attitude in a person. Intrinsic can direct students to participate in academic activities without any rewards and expectations. It leads to a great level of self-motivation. At the same time, extrinsic motivates the students to engage in activities while anticipating rewards, grades, appreciation. It can be due to fear of punishment and control. However, it could be an initial boost to engage students and sustain motivation throughout learning.
- Self-determination theory. – extrinsic motivation controls external behaviour. At the same time, intrinsic motivation is related to the satisfaction of psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. It is divided into four further theories- (1) cognitive evaluation theory that explains the effects of external construction on internal motivation. It includes attention to autonomy and competence. (2) Organismic Integration Theory and Causality Orientations theory. (3) Basic Psychological needs theory. (4) Goal contents theory shows fundamental needs and satisfaction and well-being based on intrinsic and extrinsic goals. It leads to greater achievement and better academic performance within the setting of the educational environment.
- ARCS Model. – Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction. This model approach focuses on the motivational aspects of the learning environment, which adds four components : (1) Arousing interest. (2) Creating relevance. (3) Developing an expectancy of success. (4) Increasing satisfaction through intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.
- Social Cognitive Theory. – Education, Communication to psychology refers to acquiring knowledge through direct observation, interaction, experience, and outside media influence. It illustrates how people gain and maintain several behavioural patterns and provides interactive learning to students.
I hereby conclude from this above-written essay that a child’s first mentor is his teacher after parents. The first few years of a child are crucial and need to be handled with care and affection. When the teacher is in his best form and motivated, the students also become competitive and result oriented. The initial years of his life are mostly the mentor’s hands, and they are responsible for a child’s overall development.
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