LW157 Criminal Law Assignment Example Maynooth University Ireland
This module will provide an introduction to the fundamentals and policies that underlie criminal law. You’ll get a comprehensive look at what crimes are, how they’re classified in terms of severity level or intentionality.
The focus will be on research, case analysis, and problem-solving. Key themes include the nature of the crime; the elements of the crime; the form of criminal responsibility; the non-lethal crime against the person; sexual crime; homicide; defense; and property crime.
Learning Outcomes of Criminal Law (LW157)
In this course, there are many types of assignments given to students like a group project, individual assignment, report, business plan, business proposal, executive summary, and the solutions are given by us.
On successful completion of the module, students should be able to:
Display an in-depth knowledge of the basic elements of a criminal offense and an ability to construct or dissect a legal argument as to the existence or non-existence of those elements in a given factual matrix
The elements of a criminal offense are important to understand as they lay out the requirements that need to be met in order for someone to be convicted of a crime. A criminal offense has three basic elements: actus reus, mens rea, and concurrence. The actus reus is the physical act that constitutes the crime, while the mens rea is the mental state of the person committing the crime. The concurrence element requires that both the actus reus and the mens rea occur at the same time.
In order to be convicted of a crime, the prosecutor must be able to prove all three elements of the offense beyond a reasonable doubt. This can be done by presenting evidence that shows that the accused committed the act, that they had the requisite mental state, and that the two coincided. If any one of these elements is missing, then the accused cannot be convicted.
Comprehend the principles relating to the enforcement of the criminal law, explain their operation on different circumstances, and distinguish a criminal offense from a civil wrong
Enforcement of the criminal law is done by the police and the courts. The police are responsible for investigating crimes and arresting the accused, while the courts are responsible for hearing the case and deciding whether the accused is guilty or not.
Civil wrongs are dealt with in civil court, where the parties involved dispute what damages (if any) have been caused and who should pay to fix them. If a civil wrong has also resulted in a crime, the police may investigate that part of the crime as well.
Additionally, there are two types of crime: crimes against the state and crimes against an individual. Crimes against an individual are called “torts,” while crimes against the state are known as “crimes.” What distinguishes a tort from a crime is that civil courts hear cases involving torts, while criminal courts deal with crimes.
Generally speaking, crimes are more serious than torts, as they can result in jail time or other penalties. Torts, on the other hand, typically only result in monetary damages being awarded to the victim.
Examine the application of criminal law in a given factual matrix, prepare an argument as to the culpability of the parties, and predict the outcome of a judicial determination of the problem
When a crime is committed, the prosecutor must decide whether to pursue criminal or civil proceedings. If they choose to pursue a criminal charge, then the case will be heard in court and decided upon by a jury of twelve people. The verdict will either be “guilty” or “not guilty.”
A crime can result in different classifications: misdemeanor, felony, or capital felony. A misdemeanor is the least serious type of crime and typically results in a jail sentence of up to one year. A felony is more serious than a misdemeanor and can result in a jail sentence of up to five years or more. Capital felonies are the most serious type of crime and can result in either life in prison without the possibility of parole, or the death penalty.
Finally, there are two types of punishment: direct punishments and collateral punishments. Direct punishments are given by a judge after someone has been found guilty through a trial. These include jail time, house arrest with an ankle monitor, fines, community service, probation (where someone is given supervision and support while they try to adjust back into society), and restitution (where someone must pay money to the victim to compensate them for any damages).
Collateral punishments are also given by a judge, but they are not handed down until after someone has been found guilty. These include being banned from traveling abroad, being deported, and having one’s driver’s license taken away.
Analyze, debate, and criticize the law in a particular area of criminal law and draw conclusions as to its effectiveness and fairness
One area of criminal law that has been widely debated is that surrounding the use of marijuana. Marijuana’s medical benefits are increasingly being recognized by both doctors and scientists, but it remains illegal under federal law. Because of this conflict between state and federal laws, there have been numerous debates over whether states should be able to legalize marijuana or if doing so would be in violation of federal law.
Another issue that has arisen from states legalizing marijuana is how to deal with people who are caught with marijuana but have not yet been convicted of a crime. In some states, such as Colorado, those people are given a civil penalty rather than being charged with a criminal offense. Critics of this system argue that it allows people who have not committed a crime to be punished, while supporters argue that it is a more humane way of dealing with the issue.
The debate over marijuana legalization will likely continue for some time, as there are pros and cons on both sides of the argument. However, it is clear that the current system is not working, as marijuana is still illegal under federal law. This creates confusion and inconsistency, as different states have different laws governing the use of marijuana. Something needs to change, and it is up to lawmakers and the public to decide what that change should be.
Develop the capacity to conduct independent legal research
One of the most important skills that a lawyer needs is the ability to research and write effectively. This involves being able to find relevant case law and statutes, as well as being able to synthesize this information into a cohesive argument. It also requires the ability to write in a clear and concise manner, so that the court can understand the argument and the law.
While it is possible to find cases and statutes using a computer, there are also methods that can be used without access to a computer, such as card catalogs and case reporters. Law students can take advantage of these resources when they go to the library during their 1L year or do research for a school project.
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