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ZO3101 Marine Habitats Assignment Example NUI Galway Ireland

ZO3101 Marine Habitats course introduces students to the diversity of marine habitats and communities. It covers a range of topics including the physical and chemical features of seawater, major groups of marine organisms, biogeography, key ecological processes, food webs, and ecosystem services. Students will develop an understanding of how different habitats and communities support a vast array of marine life. They will also learn about how human activities can impact marine ecosystems and the importance of protecting these valuable resources.

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In this course, there are many types of assignments given to students like group projects, individual assignments, continuous assessments, reports, business plans, business proposals, executive summaries, and other solutions given by us.

In this section, we are describing some assigned tasks. These are:

Assignment Activity 1: Identify the major groups of cnidarians commonly associated with seamounts and submarine canyons.

Cnidarians are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals that includes creatures such as jellyfish, corals, anemones, and hydroids. Seamounts and submarine canyons provide a range of habitats for cnidarians, from the deep waters of the abyssal zone to the shallower waters near the seafloor. Cnidarians that live in these environments must be able to withstand the extreme pressure and lack of light.

Four main groups of cnidarians are commonly found in seamounts and submarine canyons: hydrozoans, scyphozoans, cubozoans, and anthozoans.

  • Hydrozoans are a group of small, mostly marine animals that include creatures such as jellyfish, hydromedusae, and hydroids.
  • Scyphozoans are a group of large, mostly marine animals that include jellyfish such as the lion’s mane jellyfish and the moon jellyfish.
  • Cubozoans are a group of small, mostly marine animals that include box jellyfish.
  • Anthozoans are a group of large, mostly marine animals that include corals, anemones, and sea pens.

Each of these groups of cnidarians has adaptations that allow them to thrive in the unique environment of a seamount or submarine canyon. Hydrozoans, for example, often have thin, translucent bodies that allow them to absorb light even in deep waters. Scyphozoans tend to have large, flat bodies that help them float in the water column. Cubozoans have a box-like shape that allows them to move quickly through the water. Anthozoans often have stinging cells that help them capture prey.

The diversity of cnidarians found in seamounts and submarine canyons reflects the diversity of these habitats themselves. Each type of cnidarian has evolved to occupy a specific niche in the ecosystem, and together they form an important part of the marine food web.

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Assignment Activity 2: Describe the biology of deep-sea communities.

The deep sea is a vast and mysterious realm that occupies the majority of the planet’s oceans. This environment is home to a wide variety of life, including creatures that have adapted to the extreme pressure and darkness of the abyssal zone.

The most common type of deep-sea creature is the invertebrate. These animals lack a backbone and include creatures such as crustaceans, molluscs, and worms. The invertebrates that live in the deep sea have evolved a variety of adaptations to survive in this hostile environment.

Many deep-sea invertebrates are coloured black or red, which helps them camouflage themselves against the dark background. Others have developed bioluminescent organs that produce light, which they use to attract prey or mates. Some deep-sea invertebrates have large eyes that help them see in the dark, while others have long tentacles that they use to capture food.

The deep sea is also home to a variety of fish, such as lanternfish, eels, and dragonfish. These fish have large eyes and long, sharp teeth that help them see and capture prey in the dark waters. Some deep-sea fish can produce their light, which they use to lure prey into their mouths.

The deep sea is one of the most extreme environments on Earth, and only a handful of creatures have been able to adapt to this hostile environment. The creatures that live in the deep-sea play an important role in the ocean’s food web, and their unique adaptations help them survive in this dark and dangerous place.

Assignment Activity 3: Provide a detailed description of a range of marine systems including epipelagic, rocky benthos, soft sediment benthos & estuarine systems.

Epipelagic

The epipelagic zone is the uppermost layer of the ocean, and it extends from the surface down to a depth of 200 meters. This zone is well-lit by sunlight, and it supports a wide variety of plant and animal life.

The majority of fish in the ocean live in the epipelagic zone, as this is where they can find the most food. This zone is also home to a variety of marine mammals, such as dolphins and whales. The epipelagic zone is the most productive layer of the ocean, and it provides a vital source of food for the animals that live in the other layers.

Rocky Benthos

The rocky benthos is the layer of the ocean that occupies the bottom of the seabed. This zone is home to a variety of animals, including crabs, snails, and sea stars. These animals live in cracks and crevices in the rocks, and they use their strong jaws and claws to capture prey.

The rocky benthos is a hostile environment, and the animals that live there have adapted to the extreme conditions. Many of them are coloured black or red, which helps them camouflage themselves against the dark rocks. Others have developed bioluminescent organs that produce light, which they use to attract prey or mates.

Soft Sediment Benthos

The soft sediment benthos is the layer of the ocean that occupies the bottom of the seabed. This zone is home to a variety of animals, including worms, clams, and sea cucumbers. These animals live in the mud and sand at the bottom of the ocean, and they use their long tentacles to capture prey.

The soft sediment benthos is a very fragile environment, and the animals that live there are vulnerable to disruption. This zone is often damaged by trawling and other forms of fishing, and it can take many years for the ecosystem to recover.

Estuarine System

The estuarine system is the area where the river meets the sea. This zone is home to a variety of animals, including fish, crabs, and shrimp. These animals live in the brackish water of the estuary, and they use the tides to help them move around.

The estuarine system is an important breeding ground for many marine animals. It is also a vital source of food for the animals that live in the ocean. The estuarine system is a unique environment, and it plays an important role in the health of the ocean’s ecosystem.

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Assignment Activity 4: Describe the Physico-chemical gradients found in these habitats and discuss their role in structuring the marine communities found there.

The Physico-chemical gradients in the marine environment are created by the interaction of light, temperature, salinity, and pressure. These gradients play an important role in structuring marine communities.

  • Light is the most important factor in determining the distribution of marine life. The epipelagic zone is well-lit by sunlight, and it supports a wide variety of plant and animal life. The other layers of the ocean are less well-lit, and they support a smaller variety of life.
  • Temperature is also an important factor in structuring marine communities. The colder waters of the deep-sea support a different set of organisms than the warmer waters of the epipelagic zone.
  • Salinity also plays a role in structuring marine communities. The estuarine system is a unique environment, and it supports a different set of organisms than the other habitats.
  • Pressure is an important factor in the deep sea, and it determines which organisms can survive in that environment. The deep-sea is a hostile environment, and the animals that live there have adapted to the extreme conditions.

The Physico-chemical gradients in the marine environment play an important role in structuring marine communities. These gradients help to determine the distribution of plant and animal life, and they play a role in determining which organisms can survive in each habitat.

Assignment Activity 5: Describe biological structuring processes in these coastal marine systems.

Biological structuring processes in coastal marine systems include competition, predation, and symbiosis. Competition is the process of one organism competing with another for limited resources. Predation is the process of one organism eating another organism. Symbiosis is the process of two organisms living together in a close relationship.

Competition is an important process in coastal marine systems. The organisms that live in these habitats are competing for limited resources, and the competition can be fierce. The animals that survive in these habitats are the ones that are best adapted to compete for food and shelter.

Predation is also an important process in coastal marine systems. The animals that live in these habitats are preyed upon by a variety of predators. The predators that live in these habitats are adapted to hunt and kill their prey.

Symbiosis is an important process in coastal marine systems. The organisms that live in these habitats often have close relationships with one another. These relationships can be beneficial, or they can be harmful. The symbiotic relationships in these habitats help to determine the structure of the community.

Biological structuring processes play an important role in shaping coastal marine communities. Competition, predation, and symbiosis are all important processes that help to determine the distribution and abundance of plant and animal life. These processes help to determine which organisms can survive in these habitats, and they help to shape the structure of the community.

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Assignment Activity 6: Describe the features and adaptations of animals in these systems.

There are a variety of animals that live in coastal marine systems. These animals have a variety of features and adaptations that allow them to survive in these habitats.

Some of the animals that live in these habitats include fish, crabs, lobsters, and shrimp. These animals have a variety of adaptations that allow them to survive in their environment.

Fish have a variety of adaptations that allow them to live in coastal marine systems. Fish can breathe underwater with the help of their gills. Fish have tough skin that helps to protect them from predators. Fish also have a streamlined body shape that helps them to swim quickly through the water.

Crabs, lobsters, and shrimp are also able to live in these habitats. These animals have a hard shell that helps to protect them from predators. They also have a set of claws that they use for hunting and defence. These animals also have a set of appendages that help them to move through the water.

The animals that live in coastal marine systems have a variety of adaptations that allow them to survive in their environment. These adaptations help these animals to find food, to avoid predators, and to move through their habitat.

Assignment Activity 7:Define the relationship between area and species richness and apply this relationship to real conservation problems.

There is a relationship between area and species richness. This relationship states that, as the area of a habitat increases, the number of species that can live in that habitat also increases. This relationship is important for conservation because it helps to determine how large an area must be protected to preserve the biodiversity of an ecosystem.

This relationship is often used to help determine how much land should be set aside for a national park or wildlife refuge. The amount of land that is needed to protect a certain number of species depends on the habitat type and the level of biodiversity in that habitat.

This relationship can also be used to help solve conservation problems. For example, if an area is losing its biodiversity, the amount of land that needs to be set aside to preserve the biodiversity of that area can be increased.

The relationship between area and species richness is an important one for conservation. This relationship can help to determine how much land needs to be set aside to preserve the biodiversity of an ecosystem. This relationship can also help to solve conservation problems.

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